Exploiting Additional Dimensions as Virtual Items on Top-N Recommender Systems

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Alípio Jorge
Carlos Manuel Soares
Marcos Aurélio Domingues
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Traditionally, recommender systems for the web deal with applications that have two dimensions, users and items. Based on access data that relate these dimensions, a recommendation model can be built and used to identify a set of N items that will be of interest to a certain user. In this paper we propose a multidimensional approach, called DaVI (Dimensions as Virtual Items), that enables the use of common two-dimensional top-N recommender algorithms for the generation of recommendations using additional dimensions (e.g., contextual or background information). We empirically evaluate our approach with two different top-N recommender algorithms, Item-based Collaborative Filtering and Association Rules based, on two real world data sets. The empirical results demonstrate that DaVI enables the application of existing twodimensional recommendation algorithms to exploit the useful information in multidimensional data.