Siting and Sizing of Energy Storage Systems to Maximize DG Integration in MV Distribution Networks

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Pedro Pereira Barbeiro
Filipe Joel Soares
André Guimarães Madureira
Luís Seca
João Peças Lopes
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The expected growth of Distributed Generation (DG) penetration in distribution systems will fundamentally alter both planning and operating procedures of Distribution Network Operators (DNO). This means that distribution networks can no longer be considered as a passive appendage to the transmission network and should be explored actively to take full advantage of the capabilities of DG units available and avoid technical problems (such as line overloading or poor voltage profiles) resulting from massive integration of this type of sources. Presently, when the capacity of the generation, transmission and distribution systems is exceeded, the traditional utility response is expanding or reinforcing existing circuits through large investments in power transformers, substations or distribution feeders. However, in some situations such as in congested metropolitan areas these actions can have prohibitive costs or simply be impossible due to space restrictions, for instance. Although current investment costs of many solutions for energy storage remain extremely high, recent developments and advances in both energy storage technologies and power electronic interfaces are opening new doors to the inclusion of Energy Storage Systems (ESS) as a potentially viable solution for modern power applications, including their use in distribution network planning and operation. This paper presents a heuristic approach for siting and sizing of ESS in distribution networks in order to maximiz