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Title: Using probabilistic graphical models to enhance the prognosis of health-related quality of life in adult survivors of critical illness
Authors: Dias,CC
Costa Pereira,A
João Gama
Pedro Pereira Rodrigues
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) is a subjective concept, reflecting the overall mental and physical state of the patient, and their own sense of well-being. Estimating current and future QoL has become a major outcome in the evaluation of critically ill patients. The aim of this study is to enhance the inference process of 6 weeks and 6 months prognosis of QoL after intensive care unit (ICU) stay, using the EQ-5D questionnaire. The main outcomes of the study were the EQ-5D five main dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain and anxiety/depression. For each outcome, three Bayesian classifiers were built and validated with 10-fold cross-validation. Sixty and 473 patients (6 weeks and 6 months, respectively) were included. Overall, 6 months QoL is higher than 6 weeks, with the probability of absence of problems ranging from 31% (6 weeks mobility) to 72% (6 months self-care). Bayesian models achieved prognosis accuracies of 56% (6 months, anxiety/depression) up to 80% (6 weeks, mobility). The prognosis inference process for an individual patient was enhanced with the visual analysis of the models, showing that women, elderly, or people with longer ICU stay have higher risk of QoL problems at 6 weeks. Likewise, for the 6 months prognosis, a higher APACHE II severity score also leads to a higher risk of problems, except for anxiety/depression where the youngest and active have increased risk. Bayesian networks are competitive with less descriptive strategies, improve the inference process by incorporating domain knowledge and present a more interpretable model. The relationships among different factors extracted by the Bayesian models are in accordance with those collected by previous state-of-the-art literature, hence showing their usability as inference model.
metadata.dc.type: conferenceObject
Appears in Collections:LIAAD - Articles in International Conferences

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