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Title: Design of grounding systems in substations using a mixed-integer linear programming formulation
Authors: Hussein Khodr
Manuel Matos
G. A. Salloum
João Tomé Saraiva
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is the development of an optimization model to design grounding grids in electrical substations. The design of a grounding grid in a substation is formulated as a mixed-integer linear programming problem. The developed optimization model incorporates the constructive characteristics, aswell as the technical and security requirements inherent to the construction, installation and operation of these grids. The model includes variables defining the grid characteristics according to the configurations admitted by the designer, which are selected amongst a set of pre-selected grounding designs. The definition of these configurations includes the geometry of the grid, the depth at which the conductors will be installed and the radius of the conductor. A finite number of configurations can be generated before running the optimization process by considering all the variables in accordance with the IEEE Std 80-2000. The optimization problem also includes safety constraints related with the maximum allowed touching and step voltages, which are defined according to the fibrillation discharge limits. These fibrillation discharge limits are defined by IEEE Std 80-2000 for low frequencies (for high frequencies, the limits are not the same as in 50 Hz). The model also includes the equivalent impedance of the transmission line supplying the substation where it will be located the grounding grid to be designed. As a result, the problem outputs def
metadata.dc.type: article
Appears in Collections:CPES - Articles in International Journals

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