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|Title:||Visual-Inertial Based Autonomous Navigation|
Luís Filipe Teixeira
Rui Silva Nóbrega
|Abstract:||This paper presents an autonomous navigation and position estimation framework which enables an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) to possess the ability to safely navigate in indoor environments. This system uses both the on-board Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and the front camera of a AR. Drone platform and a laptop computer were all the data is processed. The system is composed of the following modules: navigation, door detection and position estimation. For the navigation part, the system relies on the detection of the vanishing point using the Hough transform for wall detection and avoidance. The door detection part relies not only on the detection of the contours but also on the recesses of each door using the latter as the main detector and the former as an additional validation for a higher precision. For the position estimation part, the system relies on pre-coded information of the floor in which the drone is navigating, and the velocity of the drone provided by its IMU. Several flight experiments show that the drone is able to safely navigate in corridors while detecting evident doors and estimate its position. The developed navigation and door detection methods are reliable and enable an UAV to fly without the need of human intervention.|
|Appears in Collections:||CSIG - Articles in International Conferences|
CTM - Articles in International Conferences
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