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Title: High-birefringence fiber loop mirror sensor using a WDM fused fiber coupler
Authors: Passos,DJ
Manuel Joaquim Marques
Orlando Frazão
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: An intensity-based highly birefringent (Hi-Bi) fiber loop mirror (FLM) sensor is proposed which uses a wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) fiber coupler. The effect of integrating the WDM coupler in a FLM configuration is first studied. A section of Hi-Bi (bow-tie) fiber of length 0.26 m is then placed in the fiber loop, making the spectral response of the device simultaneously dependent on the Hi-Bi fiber section and WDM coupler characteristics. When strain is applied to the sensing head, the spectral signal is modulated in amplitude, in contrast with the conventional Hi-Bi FLM sensors in which there are wavelength shifts. The sensor was characterized in strain and a sensitivity of (-2.2 +/- 0.4) x 10(-3) mu epsilon(-1) for a range of 300 mu epsilon was attained. The self-referenced character of the sensor is noted. (C) 2013 Optical Society of America
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