Browsing CEGI - Indexed Articles in Journals by Author "Alem,D"
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ItemA computational study of the general lot-sizing and scheduling model under demand uncertainty via robust and stochastic approaches( 2018) Alem,D ; Eduardo Ferian Curcio ; Pedro Amorim ; Bernardo Almada-LoboThis paper presents an empirical assessment of the General Lot-Sizing and Scheduling Problem (GLSP) under demand uncertainty by means of a budget-uncertainty set robust optimization and a two-stage stochastic programming with recourse model. We have also developed a systematic procedure based on Monte Carlo simulation to compare both models in terms of protection against uncertainty and computational tractability. The extensive computational experiments cover different instances characteristics, a considerable number of combinations between budgets of uncertainty and variability levels for the robust optimization model, as well as an increasing number of scenarios and probability distribution functions for the stochastic programming model. Furthermore, we have devised some guidelines for decision-makers to evaluate a priori the most suitable uncertainty modeling approach according to their preferences.
ItemRisk Management in Production Planning of Perishable Goods( 2013) Pedro Amorim ; Alem,D ; Bernardo Almada-LoboIn food supply chain planning, the trade-off between expected profit and risk is emphasized by the perishable nature of the goods that it has to handle. In particular, the risk of spoilage and the risk of revenue loss are substantial when stochastic parameters related to the demand, the consumer behavior, and the spoilage effect are considered. This paper aims to expose and handle this trade-off by developing risk-averse production planning models that incorporate financial risk measures. In particular, the performance of a risk-neutral attitude is compared to the performance of models taking into account the upper partial mean and the conditional value-at-risk. Insights from an illustrative example show the positive impact of the-risk-averse models in operational performance indicators, such as the amount of expired products. Furthermore, through an extensive computational experiment, the advantage of the conditional value-at-risk model is evidenced, as it is able to dominate the solutions from the upper partial mean for the spoilage performance indicator. These advantages are tightly related to a sustainable view of production planning, and they can be achieved at the expense of controlled losses in the expected profit.