Detection of Extra Virgin Olive Oil Thermal Deterioration Using a Long Period Fibre Grating Sensor Coated with Titanium Dioxide

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Luís Carlos Coelho
Diana Viegas
José Almeida
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A new sensing system for the detection of thermal deterioration of extra virgin olive oil based on long period fibre grating is reported. It is demonstrated the feasibility of long period fibre grating sensor for the analysis of high refractive index edible oils. The detection principle is the wavelength dependence of the attenuation bands of a TiO2-coated long period fibre grating on the changes in the refractive index of the medium surrounding the cladding surface of the optical fibre. The quality of the sensor was tested by measuring the wavelength shift of the attenuation bands in response to thermal deterioration of an edible oil (extra virgin olive oil) with refractive index higher than the fibre cladding. Absorption spectroscopy has allowed the effects of thermal deterioration to be detected, for example, in the decreasing of the absorption band at 677 nm, attributed to chlorophyll A. A detection limit of about 5 min at 180 A degrees C and of about 2 min at 225 A degrees C was observed for the sensing system. The proposed sensing system could lead to the realisation of a biochemical sensor for the food industry. The change in refractive index of extra virgin olive oil as a function of heating time and temperature was systematically measured for the first time.