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    2012 Survey of Portuguese TTOs
    ( 2012) Aurora Teixeira ; J. Jarrett
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    The establishment, evolution, and sustainability of University-Firm relations
    ( 2010) Luís Pinheiro ; Aurora Teixeira
    Existing studies on University-Firm (U-F) relations are still excessively centred on the advantages which firms are able to obtain from relations with Universities, failing to take into account the benefits that potentially go to Universities from such links. This paper intends to fill this gap by empirically studying the process of the establishment, evolution, and sustainability of the U-F relations in an open innovation context. Using the case study methodology, we empirically demonstrate how relations between a firm (Brisa) and Higher Education institutions (namely, ISEL - Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa) were established, how they evolved and have been sustained over time, placing special emphasis on the issue of the mutual benefits derived from these links. Face-to-face interviews with the keyplayers at Brisa and ISEL, complemented with an extensive analysis of secondary sources, allowed us to conclude that establishing connections between the two entities is a more complex and time-consuming process (requiring large relational and resource investment on both parts) than that which existing literature conveys. Besides the recognized gains for firms when they adopt a more open-led perspective of innovation, our study (also) highlights the benefit deriving to the Universities from links to companies. It is mainly due to the existence of mutual benefits that U-F relations are preserved in the long-term or, in other words, are sustainable.
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    The importance of Intermediaries organizations in international R&D cooperation: an empirical multivariate study across Europe
    ( 2010) Margarida Catarino ; Aurora Teixeira
    Despite the large number of publications related to business cooperation in R&D and the wide perception of the importance of intermediary institutions in the R&D cooperation process, empirical studies on its role are scarce, scattered and fragmented. Moreover, the academic work developed in this area is basically of a theoretical nature, whereas the international perspective of R&D cooperation is seldom approached. Departing from a unique database that includes 473 R&D cooperation projects developed within the 6th Framework Programme, involving firms and intermediaries from all European Union countries, this paper gauges the determinants of the importance attached to Intermediaries, through a direct survey to the organizations involved. Based on an estimation of the multivariate model, this study demonstrates that the importance given to Intermediaries depends more on project features than on the characteristics of the participating organizations. In particular, the nationality of participating organizations and the promoter emerged with a strong explanatory power: ceteris paribus, projects with at least one participant from the United Kingdom tend to assign greater importance to intermediaries in international R&D cooperation. Unambiguously, results evidence that the innovating capacity of an organization emerges (both positively and significantly) associated with a greater importance attached to Intermediaries.
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    Recent trends in the economics of innovation literature through the lens of Industrial and Corporate Change
    ( 2010) Aurora Teixeira ; David P. Nascimento
    Literature on the economics of innovation has been in constant change. We quantitatively assess recent trends in this literature in terms of research topics and types of research. Departing from a comprehensive qualitative and quantitative survey of influential innovation handbooks, this paper draws on the review and analysis of all articles published in Industrial and Corporate Change, since its foundation to 2009. Our results reveal that 'Conceptual/Economic Thought', 'Intellectual Property Rights', and 'Measurement of Innovation' topics have shown striking trends over the period in analysis. Moreover, although both 'Appreciative plus Empirical' and 'Formal plus Empirical' types of research have grown, suggesting a 'virtuous' trend towards the analytical and predictive efficacy of theory, purely 'Empirical' studies have markedly increased, which may indicate that a connection between theory and empirics is (increasingly) lacking in the field of the economics of innovation